April 30,2014 10:41

【研究】嬰兒游泳讓孩子更聰明

Children who swim start smarter, study suggests
研究指出:嬰兒游泳讓孩子更聰明


這一篇研究報告訪談摘要於2012年底轉載於 Science Daily 每日科學,此項由澳洲格里菲斯大學 (Griffith University) 教育科學研究所領軍,和澳洲政府合作所進行超過三年涵蓋澳洲、紐西蘭以及美國的大規模研究,相信結果更具實質意義。


ScienceDaily - Nov. 16, 2012】Children who learn how to swim at a young age are reaching many developmental milestones earlier than the norm. Researchers surveyed parents of 7,000 under-fives from Australia, New Zealand and the US over three years for this study.

Science Daily 每日科學 - 2012/11/16】研究人員在三年間調查了超過7,000名家有五歲以下兒童來自澳洲、紐西蘭以及美國的家長,證明在嬰兒時期即開始學習游泳的兒童,能較一般同齡小朋友更早達到多方面身心發展的里程碑。

Children who learn how to swim at a young age are reaching many developmental milestones earlier than the norm.

Researchers from the Griffith Institute for Educational Research surveyed parents of 7000 under-fives from Australia, New Zealand and the US over three years.

A further 180 children aged 3, 4 and 5 years have been involved in intensive testing, making it the world's most comprehensive study into early-years swimming.

在嬰兒時期即開始學習游泳的兒童,能較一般同齡小朋友更早達到多方面身心發展的里程碑。

格里菲斯教育科學研究所的研究人員,以超過三年的時間調查了7,000位家有五歲以下兒童來自澳洲、紐西蘭以及美國的家長。

再加上一項180位包含了三歲、四歲、五歲幼童受測者的密集測試,使該調查成為世界上針對嬰兒游泳最全面的研究。
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Lead researcher Professor Robyn Jorgensen says the study shows young children who participate in early-years swimming achieve a wide range of skills earlier than the normal population.

"Many of these skills are those that help young children into the transition into formal learning contexts such as pre-school or school.

"The research also found significant differences between the swimming cohort and non-swimmers regardless of socio-economic background.

"While the two higher socio-economic groups performed better than the lower two in testing, the four SES groups all performed better than the normal population.

首席研究員羅賓‧約根森教授 (Professor Robyn Jorgensen) 說,這項研究顯示有參加嬰兒游泳的小朋友比一般兒童能更早習得多樣的技能。

「許多這些技能可以幫助年幼的孩子在進入學前教育設施或學校等正規的學習環境時得到較好的適應。」

「這項研究還發現,游泳者和非游泳者之間的顯著差異是無關乎社經背景的。」

「雖然在測試中較高社經背景的兩組表現比較低的兩組好,但四組都優於常態母體 (normal population)。」



The researchers also found there were no gender differences between the research cohort and the normal population.

As well as achieving physical milestones faster, children also scored significantly better in visual-motor skills such as cutting paper, colouring in and drawing lines and shapes, and many mathematically-related tasks. Their oral expression was also better as well as in the general areas of literacy and numeracy.

"Many of these skills are highly valuable in other learning environments and will be of considerable benefit for young children as they transition into pre-schools and school."

研究人員同時發現,在研究對象和常態母體之間並無性別差異。

不僅在體能上更快達到發育指標,有在嬰兒時期游泳的孩子們在視覺運動技能方面 – 如剪紙、著色、繪製線條和形狀 – 以及許多數學相關的作業,都得到顯著較高的分數。他們在口語表達能力、識字和算術等一般領域也表現得較好。

「在其他(非正規)的學習環境中,許多這些技能是非常有價值的,也將為這些孩子適應進入幼兒園和學校時帶來極大的好處。」
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The study is a joint project between Griffith University, Kids Alive Swim Program and Swim Australia.
這項研究是格里菲斯大學、「兒童活躍游泳計劃 (Kids Alive Swim Program)」和「游泳澳大利亞 (Swim Australia)」之間的合作項目。
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研究報告下載連結:http://www.griffith.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0019/470251/early-year-swim-interim-report-2012.pdf

【每日科學】轉載連結:www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/11/121116124603.htm

原文連結:http://app.griffith.edu.au/news/2012/11/15/swimming-kids-are-smarter/格里菲斯大學提供


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