July 11,2013

To me/For me ; Good for you

Good for you.
表面上看起來是「有益於你」,
但它可能是一種事不關己的冷淡回應,
也可能是老師在學生答對問題時的獎勵
(意思與「很不錯,我真為你高興」相近),
還可能是聽到別人升官發財時的羨慕(或嫉妒)
用語(有點「真好,我都沒有……」的味道)。
或者,就是簡單的加油打氣,意思是「好棒」
、「真好」或「加油」。

****

To me,用於個人還沒經驗時的猜測、判斷
-is used when sth comes from my opinion, it's maybe a guess.
EX.
To me, the math exercise is rather diffcult.
(I haven't started carrying it out.)

For me,用於個人已有該經歷後的感覺
-is used when there are object factors that influence on me.
EX.
For me, the math exercise is rather difficult.
(I have done it and I really experienced some difficulties.)

syfish3410發表於 樂多10:14回應(0)English-英文文法

March 4,2013

物是否可為Have之主詞?

物是否可為Have之主詞?PDF列印E-mail
2007/11/01, Thursday
第三冊第六課p.66課文中But we know the bus had some passengers on it. 
=> have
應用人當主詞,用物當主詞情況,較為少見,能否提出說明或例子?
 

根據合聲出版社外籍編輯老師Norman 的回答再加上從語料庫與字典找到的例子,我們將其差別整理如下,希望能幫助您有更清晰的了解: 

物是否可為Have之主詞?
▲ 在Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners of American English字典中找到have之主詞為物的用法:
used for saying what the physical features of someone or something are:ex: The room had a balcony facing the ocean. 
▲ 在Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary 字典中也找到主詞為物的用法:
to show a quality or feature:
ex: 
1. The ham had smoky flavor.
2. The house has gas-fired central heating. 
▲ 在Collins Cobuild語料庫找到相同的用法:
ex: 
1. The new countries have no experience of democracy.
2. This question doesn’t have a proper answer.
3. Does the hotel have large rooms?
4. Two fifths of the dwellings have more than six people per room.

外籍編輯老師Norman解釋have主詞為物用法在外國是常用的用法,have前面所接的主詞並沒有侷限在於人。

資料來源:
1. Collins Cobuild English Grammar Plus  
2. Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners of American English. BloomsburyPublishing. 2002. 
3. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2000.

syfish3410發表於 樂多22:18回應(0)English-英文文法

December 2,2012

Do you ever' or 'Have you ever?

Do you ever' or 'Have you ever?



I'd say that it's not all that common with your specific sentence, Kitten. That's because of verb choice and the specific meaning. When we use 'do/does' in this fashion it holds a meaning of routinely/habitually.

"Seeing one film" does not seem to hold a routine/habitual meaning so it does sound a wee bit strange.

For events that are more habitual in nature, then we often use "Do you ever ...?".

Do you ever go to the movies?

Do you ever ski at Aspen?

Do you ever snowboard/waterski/etc?

The meaning for "have you ever ..." is "have you had such and such a life experience" and for "do you ever ...", the meaning is, "is this part of the routine in your life?".






To me, however, "Have you eaten?" means, I want to know if you ate, and not when you ate. And "Did you eat?" means, I want to know when you ate:

syfish3410發表於 樂多22:59回應(0)English-英文文法

September 15,2012

使役動詞 have 後 + Ving 還是 VR ?

have + object + infinitive / -ing form

This special usage of the verb have means 'to cause to happen' or 'to experience'. There is often little or no difference in meaning between the two forms, e.g.:

  • He had us wash the dishes after supper.
  • He had us washing the dishes after supper.

When we choose the infinitive, we are pointing to things that happen, or (have) happened or might happen. In your own example,

'I've never had my car break down on the motorway'

you are saying that it has never happened, so you chose the bare infinitive.

When we choose the -ing form, we are thinking of things that are happening, were happening or might be happening. Depending on how we are thinking about it causes us to choose one or the other. Compare the following. In the first three examples you can visualise things that are happening or were happening, so the continuous form works best:

  • Now that the epidemic is over, it's lovely to have rabbits running around in the fields once again.
  • I opened the bonnet of the car and saw that I had water dripping out of the radiator.
  • The way he told the story was so funny. He had us literally crying with laughter.
  • You really ought to have the chemist take a look at that wasp sting. It looks really nasty.
  • He had us prune back all the shrubs so that they didn't overhang his neighbour's garden.
  • I'm ready to see him now, Geraldine. Have him come in, please.

I won't have...

When we use the expression I won't have..., it means I won't allow... and here the -ing form works best, but be careful: after allow, you need to + infinitive:

  • I won't have you smoking in the bedroom. = I won't allow you to smoke in the bedroom.
  • I won't have you staying out late. = I won't allow you to stay out late.
  • She wouldn't have him telling her when she could go out and who she could go out with.

have + object + past participle

This structure is also used when we talk about causing things to be done or about things happening to you, but with the past participle, note that it always has a passive meaning and can sometimes be used instead of the passive:

  • I'm going to have my car repaired next week. (It's going to be repaired next week.)
  • Two of Henry VIII's wives had their heads cut off (Two of his wives were beheaded)
  • Have you ever had your credit cards stolen? (Have they ever been stolen?)
  • We had to have our nineteen-year-old spaniel put down. (He had to be put down.)
  • Kevin had his air pistol confiscated by the headmaster. (It was confiscated last week.)
  • I think you should have the curtains dry-cleaned. Don't try to wash them yourself.

引用http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/learnit/learnitv116.shtml

[have]動詞的這種用法(跟[擁有]的意思完全無關喔), 完整來說包括下列三個型態:

1. 主詞要(或請)受詞"去做(主動)": [have + 人或物 + V]
Would you have someone repair the door please?
麻煩您找人來修門好嗎?
I like to have my room look tidy.
我喜歡房間看起來整整齊齊的.

2. 主詞要(或遭受)受詞"(被)怎樣": [have + 人或物 + p.p.]
Mary has her hair set every two weeks.
瑪莉每兩週(讓人)做一次頭髮.
John had his bicycle stolen yesterday.
約翰的腳踏車昨天(讓人)給偷了.

3. 主詞(的行為)造成(或遭致)受詞的動作(主動): [have + 人或物 + Ving]
Can you have me dancing in one month?
你能在一個月內讓我學會跳舞嗎?
Behave yourself if you don't want to have others complaining.
如果你討厭(讓)別人(對你)嘮叨, 自己行為就要檢點.

●He had us working every night.
●It's lovely to have children playing in the garden again.
●He had us laughing all through the meal.
就語意考量, 均較適用第三類型態.
第一句若改為原形, [he]這個角色似乎就從"老闆(壓迫)"變成"客戶(延請)".
第二句就從"讓小孩在花園玩耍", 變成"請(或[要])小孩在花園玩耍".
第二句就從"整頓飯都讓我們開懷大笑", 變成"整頓飯都要我們開懷大笑".
所以不能改.

●You really ought to have the doctor take a look at that eye.
你實在應該請醫生看一下你的眼睛.
You really ought to have the doctor taking a look at that eye.
你實在應該(做一件什麼事[講個笑話^_^])好讓醫生來看一下你的眼睛.
●The manager had everyone fill out a form.
經理要大家填表.
The manager had everyone filling out a form.
經理(的某個作為)讓大家(不得不)填表.
所以不能改.

那麼:
I always have my bedroom ____ tidy and clean.
A. look B. to look C. looked D. looks
為什麼答案是[A]而不能用[looking], 應該很清楚了吧.

syfish3410發表於 樂多16:18回應(4)引用(0)English-英文文法

August 24,2012

Q:文法書上說 She has died for three years. 這句是錯的,因為 die 是非延續性動詞,不能用完成式。為什麼呢? 是否可以就此做比較詳細的說明?


非延續性動詞可以用完成式,只是不能跟表示持續一段時間的時間副詞
 (由 for, how long, since 等所引導的片語和子句) 連用。

一般而言,動詞可分為動態動詞 (dynamic verbs) 和狀態動詞 (static verbs),
前者又大致可分為延續性動詞和非延續性動詞 (又稱瞬間動詞)。 顧名思義,延續
性動詞 (如 work, live, stay, study) 是表示動作或行為可以持續,因此它們不
但可以用完成式,也可以跟表示持續一段時間的時間副詞連用。瞬間動詞則是表示
動作發生後立即結束,亦即動作的發生與結束在一瞬間完成,產生某種結果;產生
某種結果之後,動作就不能再繼續下去了。以這位讀者的問題為例,由於斷了氣就
死了,而斷氣的那一刻是非常短暫的,有如電光石火,所以 die 是瞬間動詞。筆者
知道這個句子是要表達「她已死亡 3年」的意思,但事實上它的含義是「她一直在
發生斷氣死亡的動作,而這個動作持續了3年」,這是不可能的,所以句子錯誤。
不過,我們可以將句子改寫來使其合乎語法。

這句可以改寫為 She has died. (她已經死了) 或 
She has been dead for three years. (她已過世三年) 
- 後面這句是說她死亡的「狀態」已持續三年;由此可知,狀態動詞也可用完成式,
且也可以跟表示持續一段時間的時間副詞連用。我們在下面會對此做更進一步的解說。 
英文的瞬間動詞有數百個之多,甚至更多,如 die, kill, marry, come, go, open, 
close, return, leave, arrive, begin, start, stop, fall, give, receive, accept, 
break, buy, sell, borrow, lend, allow, enter, join 等等,真是「族繁不及備載」。

所以若能徹底瞭解它們的用法,對於英文能力的提升會有很顯著的效果。 
說來奇怪,雖然瞬間動詞不能跟表示持續一段時間的時間副詞連用,但其否定的完成式卻可以。
例如: ·          
Mike has come to Taiwan for 10 years. (麥可來台灣已10年了) (誤)
Mike hasn't come to Taiwan for 10 years. (麥可已有10年沒來台灣了) (正)  
I haven't received a letter from my father for two months.
(我已兩個月未收到我父親的信了) (正) 

根據上面的敘述,我們可以得出瞬間動詞一個重要的特性,
那就是:由於瞬間動詞的動作發生與結束是在一瞬間完成,動作結束之後就以「狀態」的形式存在,
而在動作發生之前 (亦即瞬間動詞的否定式) 也是一種「狀態」- 換言之,動作不發生是一種可以持
續的狀態。

例如,die 這個動作之後是「死亡」的狀態,而之前則是「未死亡」(not die),即「活著」(be alive) 的狀態;同樣地,marry 這個動作之後是「婚姻」的狀態,而之前則是「未結婚」(not marry),即「單身」(be single) 的狀態。這就是當瞬間動詞必須與表示持續一段時間的時間副詞連用時,我們須將其變成狀態動詞,以及瞬間動詞的否定完成式可與表示持續一段時間的時間副詞連用的原因。 

所以,如果我們要將瞬間動詞與表示持續一段時間的時間副詞用在一起時,我們必須對瞬間動詞「做一番處理」。

一般而言,其處理方式有三種:

第一種方式是使用瞬間動詞的簡單過去式;

第二種是使用「It is (or has been) + 一段時間 + since 子句 (瞬間動詞的簡單過去式)」或「一段時間 + has passed + since 子句 (瞬間動詞的簡單過去式)」句型;

第三種就是如上述將瞬間動詞改為意思相同的狀態動詞。現在我們就以下面的例句來說明這三種處理方式,其中除第 1 句錯誤外,其餘各句都正確: 

1. The train has left for half an hour. (火車已離開半小時了)
2. The train left half an hour ago.
3. It is half an hour since the train left.
4. It has been half an hour since the train left.
5. Half an hour has passed since the train left.
6. The train has been away for half an hour. 
第 6 句就是將瞬間動詞 leave 轉換為同義的狀態動詞 be away。
茲將一些常用的瞬間動詞與其相應的狀態動詞列表如下,供大家參考。
同樣地,這也是「族繁不及備載」:

中文 瞬間動詞 狀態動詞
離開 leave be away
回來 return/come back be back
抵達 arrive be here
沈睡 fall asleep be asleep
醒來 wake up be awake
殺死 die/kill be dead
開始 begin be on
完成/結束 finish/complete/end be done/be over
使穿著 get dressed be dressed
酒醉 get drunk be drunk
受傷 get hurt be hurt
戀愛 fall in love be in love
聯絡 get in touch with be in touch with
有興趣 become interested in be interested in
走失 get lost be lost
結婚 marry/get married be married
turn on be on
turn off be off
請假 go on leave be on leave
休假 go on vacation/holiday be on vacation/holiday
拍賣 go on sale be on sale
畢業 graduate be out of school
失業/辭職 lose/quit a job be out of work
習慣於 get used to be used to
購買 buy have
感冒 catch a cold have a cold
舉辦聚會 give a party have a party
找到工作 find a job have a job
生小孩 give birth to a baby have a baby

從上表得知,過去我們認為有些中文在英文中可以用兩個語詞來表達相同的意思,
如「習慣於」可以用 "get used to" 或 "be used to"、「結婚」用 "get married" 或 "be married"、「感冒」用 "catch a cold" 或 "have a cold",但其實它們的語意並不相同,
用法上也有所差異,所以大家必須牢記在心,建立正確的觀念,學習正確的用法。現在再舉幾
例來說明這些語詞用法上的差異: 
                              
The film has begun. (電影已開映了) (正) ·                                 
The film has begun for 20 minutes. (電影已開映20分鐘) (誤) ·                                 
The film has been on for 20 minutes. (電影已開映20分鐘) (正) ·                                 How long have you bought the car? (你買這部車多久了?) (誤) ·                                 How long have you had the car? (你買這部車多久了?) (正) ·                                 
He has caught a cold for a week. (他已感冒一個禮拜) (誤) ·                                 
He has had a cold for a week. (他已感冒一個禮拜) (正) 

最後要提的一點是,由於瞬間動詞是發生後立即結束的動作,它們當然不能用進行式;
然而,有些瞬間動詞 (如 hit, kick, jump) 可以用進行式,但它們是在表達一種短暫
而重複的動作。例如:
                             
The child was jumping with joy. (這小孩高興地一直跳) ·                                 
He was hitting his brother. (他不停地打他的弟弟)       

syfish3410發表於 樂多18:04回應(0)English-英文文法

Marry, get married to, be married with的用法

Marry, get married to, be married with的用法

1. to marry (someone) 嫁、娶某人

《解釋》是嫁、娶某人、跟某人結婚的意思。和中文不同,marry 之後並不須要加像 with to 這樣的介系詞。請注意下面的例句: 

【誤】: She married with John last year. 她去年和 John 結婚。 
【誤】: She married to John last year. 她去年嫁給 John 了。 
【正】: She married John last year. 她去年嫁給 John 了。 
 


2. to get married to (someone)
嫁給、娶了某人

《解釋》嫁給、娶了某人的意思。因為我們中文總說「跟」某人結婚,所以很多同學自然很習慣地想用 with 這個字。 

【誤】: She got married with someone named Frank. 她和一個叫 Frank 的人結婚了。 
【正】: She got married to someone named Frank. 她嫁給一個叫 Frank 的人。 
 


3. to get married
結婚


《解釋》提到結婚,如果要用 marry 這個字,之後總要加 someone,表示嫁娶某人。不然就要用 to get married 這個片語來表示結婚這件事的發生。 

【誤】: My best friend married last weekend. 我最好的朋友上個週末結婚了。 
【正】: My best friend got married last weekend. 我最好的朋友上個週末結婚了。

 

4. to be married 結婚了 
《解釋》是結婚了的意思, 一種狀態的表示。

【誤】: I married. 我已經結婚了。 
【正】: I am married. 我已經結婚了。

 

5. to be married (to someone) 與某人結婚了


《解釋》是與某人已經結婚了的意思,同樣是一種狀態的表示。這是很多同學最容易弄錯的一個,請特別注意下面的例:

【例】我跟我太太已經結婚將近二十年了。

【誤】: I have married my wife for nearly 20 years. 
【誤】: I have been married with my wife for nearly 20 years. 
【正】: I've been married to my wife for nearly 20 years.

另外,有一個片語叫 to be married with children,是表示「已經結婚生子了」。 
【例】: She's married with children to Joey. 她和 Joey 已經結婚,並有孩子了。 
 

 

6. chemistry of love (兩性間)來電的感覺

《解釋》"chemistry" 這個字雖然用在人際關係時,常被用來形容兩性間的那種投緣的感覺,但其實只要是二個人之間的彼此「觸電」的感覺的可以用這個字。好比你和你的某位工作夥伴合作起來就是特別地能夠所有的「擦出火花」,這就表示你們之間有一種"chemistry"

A: How are things going for you and Michael? 
B: Well, Michael has a very sweet personality. I like him a lot, but I guess the chemistry is just not there.                                                                                                                                     A:
你和 Michael 最近如何呢? 
B:
... Michael 的個性很好。我蠻喜歡他的, 但是我想, 就是少了那份感覺吧。 
 

7. cradle robber 和比自己年輕很多的人在一起的人

《解釋》cradle robber 是個很可愛的口語,它的字面意義是『搶劫搖籃者』,時下人們常提到的所謂的女大男小的『姊弟戀』就是個蠻好的例子。不過,cradle robber不單指女大男小,男大女小也可以。只是我們的社會還是比較重男輕女,男的通常要比女的年長很多才比較會被戲稱為『搶搖籃者』。此外,hubby就是 husband 丈夫的意思,是非正式的用法。 
A: One of my co-workers teased me for being with Nate. I was insulted and kind of embarrassed. 
B: Well, I am a cradle robber too. My hubby is two-year younger than I am.

A: 我的一個同事嘲笑我和Nate在一起。我覺得受到侮辱而且有點不好意思。 
B:
嗯,我也是所謂的『搶劫搖籃者』啊!我先生比我小二歲呢!

 


syfish3410發表於 樂多17:56回應(1)English-英文文法

May 25,2012

It is a good place to live 還是 It is a good place to live in ?

It is a good place to live / It is a good place to live in --- 請問哪個是正確的呢?

從文法上嚴格來說,第二句 to live in 才是正確,但是第一句用的人太多了,也不能說錯。特別是在表示地點的 place to live 這個片語的後面,有沒有 in 都不會引起誤解,所以用 a good place to live 是可以的。但是考試的時候,如果 live 和 live in 都是選項,一定要選 live in。


[TO VR +PREP 是什麼時候要用的呢?]

判斷方法很簡單,原來不及物動詞需要用哪個介係詞才能接名詞,現在名詞放前面,後面用 to + 那個不及物動詞,後面就要有原來那個介係詞。

例如:

She played with other children.
她和其他小朋友玩。

本來的動詞是 play with,那在 to 的句型中也要有 with:

She needs other children to play with.
她需要其他小朋友一起玩。

He gets along with everybody.
他和大家都相處得很好。

本來的動詞是 get along with,那用 to 表達,也要有 with:

He is easy to get along with.
他這人很好相處。


to+動詞後面有沒有介係詞,有時不是文法錯誤問題,而是會影響到意思,要特別小心理解,例如:

find people to talk to
「找到人來說說話」,這時 people 是講話的對象,可以說是 to 的受詞。

get people to talk
「使人開口說話」,當大家都守口如瓶或害羞不講話,我們要讓 people 說話,這時 people 可以說是 talk 的主詞。

 

 


syfish3410發表於 樂多08:36回應(0)English-英文文法 │標籤:介係詞

April 30,2012

休學的英文

休學(輟學)
那可以說:
drop-out/ quit school
 
 He dropped-out of high school when he was 16.
 他十六歲時就休學了
 
 I am going to drop-out for a year to make some tuition.
 我準備休學一年去賺一點學費
 
 She is a high school drop-out.
 她是一個中輟生
  
 
如果是被學校暫罰休學
那可以說:
suspend
 
 He was suspended for a week for fighting.
 他被暫罰休學一星期因為他打架
 
 
如果是被學校永久休學
那可以說:
expel
 
 He was expelled from school because he threatened a teacher with a knife.
 他被學校開除了, 因為他用刀子威脅老師

syfish3410發表於 樂多22:03回應(3)English-日常會話

現在完成式和現在完成進行式的比較

現在完成式和現在完成進行式的比較 

第一點:在比較這兩種時式之前,請先回想「現在進行式」當中,所謂的非動態動詞是不能用在進行式的,比如說know, understand, have等等,因為知道就知道,瞭解就瞭解,有就有,沒有所謂正在有、正在知道的情形。而在「現在完成進行式」中也是一樣,這一類的非動態動詞也是不能用的。



第二點:「現在完成式」跟「現在完成進行式」用在表達一些經常性或是習慣性的動詞時,其實意思是幾乎一樣的,例子如下:

1-a: I have lived here for 2 months.

1-b: I have been living here for 2 months.

(
以上兩句意思都是表達住在這兩個月了)

2-a: I have worn glasses since I was eleven.

2-b: I have been wearing glasses since I was eleven.

(以上兩句也都表示從11歲起我就戴眼鏡了)



第三點:最後,真的要比較差別,「現在完成進行式」和「現在完成式」都可以表達目前還在進行的動作已經持續了多久的時間,如例句:

例:She has been watching TV for 3 hours. (這句也可以用現在完成式She has watched TV for 3 hours.就好)



但要表達「經驗」或是「在過去時間內重複發生的動作」只能用現在完成式

正例:She has watched that movie for three times. (O)

誤例:She has been watching that movie for three times. (X)



或是像上面第一點提到的非動態動詞,也只能用現在完成式

正例:I have known him for 2 years. (O)

誤例:I have been knowing hime for 2 years. (X)





syfish3410發表於 樂多21:47回應(2)English-英文文法

April 29,2012

Sorry to have kept you waiting. /Sorry to keep you waiting.

Sorry to keep you waiting.
Sorry to have kept you waiting.
究竟哪個說法才正確?

 1.對現在的事感到抱歉
           句型  sorry + to + 原形動詞
                   sorry that + 子句
              例如
                     I'm sorry to interrupt

                     I'm sorry that I am late.

 
2.對過去的事感到抱歉
            句型  s
orry +for/about + Ving
                    sorry + to have + pp
                    sorry + that + 子句'
                 例如
                      I'm sorry for calling you late.
                      I'm sorry to have called you late.
                      I'm sorry that I called you late.
  3.
Sorry to keep you waiting.
      Sorry to have kept you waiting.
      究竟哪個說法才正確?

     等候在他到達時是過去
     所以 I'm sorry to have kept you waiting
   
才對


Quote
http://tw.myblog.yahoo.com/tang2002tw/article?mid=11670

syfish3410發表於 樂多14:52回應(1)English-日常會話

April 27,2012

Guest & Customer

[ Guest & Customer ]   


A.    Guest 嘉賓;來賓;賓客;客人: 出現在下列場所 
 

 

 1. 在府上出現的 (at your house) :賓客;(來訪)客人

We have guests from the States staying with us. (有來自美國的訪客)

He resides in a secure building; guests are required to sign in before being allowed to enter.
(
到他家的訪客要簽名才得進入)

2. (自費)在旅館出現的 (at a hotel)(住宿)旅客

The hotel takes good care of its guests.

3. (應邀) 在餐廳、俱樂部、戲劇院、Spa、婚喪喜慶宴會出現的
 (at a restaurant/club/theatre/bar/spa/party/wedding…):賓客

I’d like you to be my guest for my son’s wedding next month. (應邀參加婚禮的賓客)

(: 目前餐飲界等,在「尊稱」所有它們的客人(含自費的)時,也用guests)

4. (應邀) 參加某個節目、演講、音樂會、會議等的 (on a show/concert/speech/meeting..):特別來賓

Lady Gaga was making her first guest appearance on his late night talk show. (應邀到某脫口秀的特別來賓)

Mr. James Smith will be the guest speaker tonight. (特別應邀的演講者)

    



B.    Customer 顧客;客戶 (出現在虛擬或實體市場;和業主有買賣交易關係的)



 

Many airlines allow customers to check in online, as much as 24 hours in advance.
(
航空公司的顧客)

In those states, the bank is offering new customers four accounts, all with different fees and ways to avoid them.
(
銀行的顧客)

That supermarket’s customers drop in a quarter to get a shopping cart.
(
超市顧客)

This bakery tried to move the baking out of this building to make room for more customers.
(
麵包店的顧客)

Starbucks stores started offering unlimited Internet access to customers last year.
(
星巴客的顧客)




 

C. 較易混淆的主因 




就字面而言,
guest具有尊稱的意味,但customer沒有。
因此,相關餐旅、服務業主在「給顧客的介紹文宣」上,
 經常會「尊稱」客人是guests但在和「企管顧問對談」
時,很可能用
customers來指它們的guests;「非該業界人
士」,在針對某一公司行號、服務業狀況做分析、報導
時,也很可能用
customers,來指「購買該企業所提供貨
品或服務的消費者」。

 

syfish3410發表於 樂多12:47回應(3)English-Q&A

『我在哪裡工作』works at/ in/ for ?

[ 在哪裡工作的表示 ]
(1)   有提到公司名稱” --- work at / for
a. My sister works at McDonald’s.
b. They both work at City Hospital.He works at Harry’s Shoes.
c. She works for First Designs in Hawaii. 

(2)”
一般名詞 --- work at / in
a.
His father works in a bank.
b.
They work in a restaurant.
c.
Tom works at a drugstore. 

syfish3410發表於 樂多12:36回應(1)English-Q&A

March 20,2012

any 後可接單數或複數名詞~新版文法

****************************************************
問:



請問用some的句型哪個是正確的==>考試要用的

Did you buy any orange this morning?

Did you buy any oranges this morning?

哪個句子是正確的,或者兩個句子皆可?

Is there any apple there?

Are there any apples there?




****************************************************
答:



一般舊式的文法書會敎人用在否定與疑問句時,




配合單數名詞與單數動詞, 但現在的一些新版文法書




或字典都可以查到 any 後接複數名詞 ( eg. Do you have




any suggestions ?)以下是擷取自"牛津英英字典"的解釋,


提供版主參考, 裡面提到 any 當形容詞時, 用在否定或問句


時,可接不可數名詞 或 可數 單 複數名詞:


any /eni/ det., pron., adv.
" src="http://www.oup.com/images/elt/oald7/psym.gif"> det.
1 used with uncountable or plural nouns in negative sentences and questions, after if or whether, and after some verbs such as prevent, ban, forbid, etc. to refer to an amount or a number of sth, however large or small: I didn't eat any meat. * Are there any stamps?


所以, 很明顯的, 您的以上四句文法皆對 (但如果老師是那


種首舊保守派的, 建議用單數名詞叫不一引起不必要的紛爭)


syfish3410發表於 樂多14:59回應(0)English-Q&A

ice cream 可數不可數

1. 不可數:

一般來說 ice cream 是不可數的, 除了因為她是類似像水一樣的東西, 沒有分一個個的原因外, 還因為它是屬於名子的分類. 他的作用在命名, 為這個像冰淇淋的東西做一個整體的命名...

除了ice cream外, bus也是一個例子: I go to school by bus. 雖然bus一般是可數的, 可是這裡它的主要性質在於對交通工具或通行方式的命名, 所以不可數


2. 單數:

可是在比較少的情況下, 如果他的作用不是在命名的話, 他就是可數的. 比如說當你點餐的時候, 或當你想要強調只有一個ice cream的時候.

其實an ice cream 省略了a (cone of) ice cream. 當你說an ice cream的時候, 你主意是要表達一個甜筒裝的ice cream

有些東西(尤其是在點餐時)是可以有容器裝的, 這時候可以省略容器


3. 副數:

如果你想要表達很多種類的冰淇淋你也可以加 s. 比如說有巧克力的, 有草莓的, 有香草的等等...


以下例句:

I want to eat a lot of ice cream (不可數) 我想要吃很多的冰淇淋(不管什麼樣的冰淇淋, 只想要很多很多)

I dropped some ice cream on the floor (不可數) 我把冰淇淋滴到地上了

I would like to order an (cone of) ice cream (加冠詞) 我要點一個甜筒冰淇淋

That store sells a lot of different ice creams (副數) 那家店賣很多各式各樣的冰淇淋

ps... 大多時候 ice cream是不可數的


***補充cake可數不可數***

根據Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English的定義,cake為a soft sweet food made by mixing of flour, fat, sugar and eggs(一種由麵粉、食用油、糖、蛋混合後所做成帶甜味的食物),它可以當不可數名詞也能當可數名詞,看妳想表達的意思決定。

cake當可數名詞(countable noun)時,例如今天是妳生日,家裡為妳準備了一個生日蛋糕(a birthday cake)。

cake當不可數名詞(uncountable noun)時,意為沒有特指哪些cake,而是就cake這種食物的集合而言。例如 I gobbled a lot of cake. (我狼吞虎嚥了一堆蛋糕。)

至於妳所說的"切成一塊一塊的",是將"cake"視為不可數名詞看。這時候,"一塊蛋糕"可以說成"a slice of cake"


syfish3410發表於 樂多14:32回應(1)English-Q&A

no & not

No種類有兩種要多注意 其實分法依不同文法分 種類數目不一樣

(determiner 不包含在傳統文法八大詞類中 在現代文法裡,它包含了兩種詞性 一是冠詞 Articles 另一個是 指示詞 demonstrative ) Not 就比較單純了! 它的使用方法比較簡單 看看下面例句你就會自己發現他大部分都出現在哪些位子囉!

No ※adv

1 回答別人的問題且表示反對Do you want ?' No!

2 [口語] 表示不認同“You're lazy.”“No, I'm not!”

3 [口語] 表示你也同意他人對某件事不贊同的說法

'They shouldn't do that.' 'No, it's really dangerous.'

4[口語] 警告他人別做什麼No, don't touch me.

5[口語] 一種表示情緒的字眼'No, you're kidding!

6.訂正剛剛所說錯的話He's a teacher, no, a assistant.

8 用來比較說 連一點點都沒有 I'll pay you $75 and no more.

※Determiner 限定詞

1 說明沒有的狀態No apple is here.

2 用在標語上說明哪些事是不允許的No smoking.

3. 用來強調某特定說法的相反的正確性That girl's no fool (=she is smart.).

比如說 你說這狗醜 但我不這樣覺得 我就說:這隻狗不醜,相反的它還很可愛



Not ※adv.

1否定語氣She's not a very nice person.

2 對一個字或是ㄧ小段話變成否定的意思

The food is not very good there.----not 是針對 good 而寫的

3.表達前述反面之意

No one knows if the story is true or not.

'Is Mark still sick?' 'I hope not .'----這個是 你要注意的用法 為什麼不用no 解釋起來 有點複雜 讓我們接到原句 你希望Mark is not still sick. 這邊的not就是對前述表達反面之意( Mark is still sick.) 要不 其實可以把這個當片語背

4. [口語用法片語] 一點也不not at all

5.尾巴接- not! 其實你在說反話 I really like her- not!

P.S. 補充一下 我們文法與修辭老師有告訴過我們 not 這個詞在傳統文法裡 雖被分類為adv. 但是以現代文法的角度 最好是分類到

negator(否認) 裡 然後他是在特別的位子 就是在第一個助動詞(或是動詞)後面

比如說 should not 、will not 等

syfish3410發表於 樂多14:11回應(0)English-Q&A

Home & House

Home 跟 House 的差別在於

Home 是家的意思,指一個人或是一家人居住的地方,但不一定含有住宅的意思

也可以是一個人出生或長大的地方(including 國家),帶有感情的意味

而 house 就比較不一樣了, 他比較偏物質方面,

指的是住宅方面,供人居住的房子或房屋

所以寫句子的時候,就看你想表達的是比較物質還是精神層面的了!

照理說久了,有了語感,你就比較不會混淆了! 而片語方面,是自己要另外注意的~

---------------- 清楚的定義差別--------------------------------------

Home

1.你住的地方

[可數或不可數] 跟house ㄧ樣意思

He has a beautiful home in Taipei. 他在台北有個美麗的家

*用法:at home

2. 就是 家庭 family或跟家人ㄧ起住的地方 [可數或不可數]

有時候不帶有住宅的意味,就是家庭和家庭生活之意

例句: He is planning to establish a home. 他正計劃建立家庭

3 故鄉或是你平常住的地方 (而且在那個地方你會感覺愉悅或自在)

She was born in Italy, but she's made London her home.

4 家鄉或祖國 [不可數名詞]

5.可以買賣的財產物 [可數名詞]

6.療養院 收容所 [可數名詞] Ex:nursing home

7.生息地 產地 發源地

America is the home of baseball. India is the home of elephants and tigers.

House

1 [可數名詞] 你(跟家人)住的地方We met at Alison's house.

住在屋子裡的所有人He gets up at six and disturbs the whole house.

2建築物 (通常建的很大,然後有特殊用處)

coach/court/movie etc house 或是 辦公室 Broadcasting House

3議院 [可數] the houses of Congress 4. 商業機構行號[可數] 5 戲院 [可數]


syfish3410發表於 樂多14:09回應(0)English-Q&A

March 2,2012

End up a letter

After composing your letter or email, you must have an appropriate ending to it with respect to whom you are writing it to. Every day we send emails to different destinations, some formal and some informal. In the English language, the way of addressing people formally and informally is always segregated and have different words to be used. Giving proper endings to your emails and letters is a form of email etiquette expected from everyone. Thus letter and email closings also have a fixed pattern of addressing those which are written for family and friends, and those for your courtly acquaintances! If you end up getting confused about how to end an email once you're done writing it, find some great options put together just for you in the following paragraphs.

How to End a Formal Email

While sending out formal emails like applications, appointment letters, recommendations, etc., to individuals at a higher post or for formal purposes, you have to end them appropriately. You can't mix an informal ending with a formal email as that will just put you in trouble! However, finding how to end an email written to a boss or a professor, can be a tough one. Even though many go with "Yours sincerely", there are other choices in business email format, you can pick from to make your mails interesting. Therefore, to make sure you have a good amount of options, there are a few phrases you can end your emails with mentioned below, take your pick.

How to End an Email to a Professor
Professors are teachers and you have to follow a certain amount of respect while addressing them. Once you know how to write an email, starting with "Respected Sir/Madam", you can follow the pattern of a formal letter in it. Then with your content accommodated in a systematic manner, you can simple end the email with a few options given below. These are;
  • With Confidence
  • Good Wishes
  • Thanking You, Yours Sincerely
  • Best Regards
  • Kind Regards
  • Most Sincerely
  • Thank You
  • Yours
  • Warmly
How to End an Email to a Boss
The same respect needs to be used even when you are addressing your boss or a higher authority at work. But the pattern of formal letter closings to a boss can be completely official and not like a professor. You can convey your message to your boss in very few words, by directing to the point and ending it with a simple thanks. As emails are not meant to be as detailed as letters, sometimes you can use professional letter closings as short and direct endings for them.
  • Cordially
  • With Anticipation
  • Confidently yours
  • Thank you for your time
  • Respectfully Yours
  • Thanking You
  • Warm Regards
  • Continued success
  • Sincerely
  • Yours Faithfully
How to End an Informal Email

When it comes to ending informal emails, there are no rules at all. Since you don't have to follow a way of addressing your friends and family, you shouldn't get confused about how to end a letter or email to them. Thus, you will never run out of options on how to end an email to a friend or family member because we have a whole list of them mentioned below. Take a look!
  • Adiós
  • Affectionately
  • Blessings
  • Bye
  • Cheers
  • Dream BIG
  • Especially yours
  • Forever and always
  • Hugs and kisses
  • God Bless
  • Grace and Peace
  • Have Fun
  • Health and Happiness
  • Keep the Faith
  • Later Vader
  • Lots of Love
  • Love always
  • Onward and Upward
  • Over and Out
  • Love & Happiness
  • Rock On
  • See ya
  • Toodles
  • Take care
  • Take it easy
  • Unconditionally yours
  • Until next time
  • Your Friend


Ref.http://www.buzzle.com/articles/how-to-end-an-email.html


syfish3410發表於 樂多17:56回應(1)English-寫作相關

英文的擬聲詞

英文的擬聲詞

bangs

There is someone banging about upstairs.

 

The door shut with a bang.

  

blares刺耳

blaring car horns (刺耳)

 

the blare of a brass band

  

chimes (音階樂鐘)

The chime of clock woke him up.

 

The clock chimed one o'clock.

  

clicks喀咑

She clicked her fingers in time to the music. (隨著音樂的節拍)

 

The key turned with a click. (喀咑一聲)

  

crackles批啪作聲

The fire crackled. (批啪作聲)

 

Why is the radio crackling so much?

  

creaks嘎吱作響

The floorboards in the old house creaked noisily. (嘎吱作響)

 

creaking with age

  

crunches嘎吱嘎吱

The dog was crunching (on) a bone. (嘎吱嘎吱地嚼)

 

Our feet crunched on the frozen snow.

  

gasps喘著氣

He gasped out the message.(喘著氣)

 

She gave a gasp of surprise.

  

groans呻吟

The old man who had been in the accident lay groaning beside the road. (呻吟)

 

The old chiar gave a groan when the fat woman sat down on it.

  

howls嗥叫

The wind howled in the trees.

 

howling with pain

  

plops撲通聲

There was a loud plop as the soap fell into the bath.

 

The stone plopped into the stream.

  

roars哄然

roars of laughter (哄然大笑)

  

shrieks尖銳的笑聲

They were all shrieking with laughter.(尖銳的笑聲)

 

He gave a shriek of terror.

  

squeaks
(
想像一下指甲劃過玻璃的聲音)

squeaky clean=very clean

  

squelches壓扁 / 嘎吱聲

We squelched up the muddy lane to the farm.

 

the squelch of swamp water in the boots

  

taps輕敲

The teacher tapped her fingers on the desk impatiently.(輕敲)

 

I heard a tap on the window.

  

thumps砰砰跳

The excitement made her heart thump. (砰砰跳)

  

~The wind whistling out of window sounds like a roaring monster.

 

syfish3410發表於 樂多17:11回應(0)English-寫作相關

February 29,2012

救你的屁股Save your ass~

在美國, “your ass" 常常用來比喻一個人自己本身~~~

  • Save your ass. 救你自己
  • Fire your ass. 炒你魷魚
  • It's your ass. 是你自己的責任
  • It's your ass on the line.
    是你自己的責任, 出了事也是你自己要負責
    ( 並帶有一種"影響不到別人"的意味. )



    情境對話:
    ( 對學生可以這麼說 )
    Keep it up! It's your ass! 繼續加油 這可是你自己的事情喔!

syfish3410發表於 樂多10:18回應(0)English-日常會話