February 22,2010 10:37

【閱讀】二月號,美食街日語教室

文字、攝影/駐站作家 瑪姬

最近為了一趟日本小旅行,於是從年初開始努力K日文,希望能把自助旅行中的不便降到最低。閒暇時就浸淫在日語學習書、旅遊書、電視節目、DVD和散文小說的結論是,利用閱讀與日本美食相關的書籍,是學習日文單字最輕鬆愉快的方式,這類的書,像一個逗點,喘口氣,沉醉在對美味的想像中。

書名:Miya字解日本 鄉土料理                                                完成度:70%

一直很喜歡茂呂美耶的「字解日本」系列,或許因為生長背景之故,
Miya的文章,既能貼近日本本土文化,以深入淺出的字詞解說各色日語詞彙和禮俗,且當該字詞或習慣其實源自於中國文化影響時,也能將典故說明清楚。

在講述完日本食衣住遊和十二歲時之後,
Miya這次以日本農林水產省於2007年選定的九十九道鄉土料理為基底,將日本各縣、府等地區的特色料理與人文風情娓娓道來,讓讀者能更加了解日本各地區人民的「縣民性」,相當有趣。

以我近期去過的沖繩為例,農林水產省選出的地方鄉土料理為沖繩蕎麥麵、什錦炒苦瓜和墨魚湯。除了墨魚湯我一直沒有勇氣嘗試之外,前兩者我都吃過,什錦炒苦瓜是道地的沖繩傳統家庭料理,還真的很有媽媽的味道,而沖繩蕎麥麵則是讓我一直念念不忘的美味,
Miya在書中是這麼介紹沖繩蕎麥麵的:

Okinawa-Soba是沖繩麵,原料是麵粉,煮熟後再用油攪和以增強保鮮性,口感和台灣的牛肉麵麵條類似,不過比牛肉麵麵條更具嚼頭,湯頭也跟牛肉麵完全不同,是以柴魚、昆布為主的和風湯頭,另一種是豬骨湯頭,配料通常是紅燒排骨。」

Miya
寫的一點也沒錯,而且很貼切,這讓我忍不住好奇,難道這九十九道鄉土料理,Miya都一一試吃過嗎?

對於日本各地人民的「縣民性」,
Miya也很認真的再次強調,要理解日本這個大和民族的氣質,必須先研究其歷史背景,而不能只對現代日本的流行文化有興趣。因此在本書中,處處可見日本歷史的描述,以及對於各縣縣民特色的生動描寫,沒有一雙觀察入微的眼睛,和細膩的心思,是寫不出這些描述的。如果想要以台灣人的角度深入了解日本文化,Miya的書可說是第一首選。



書名:手指壽司                                                完成度:80%

去吃迴轉壽司時,常常都弄不清楚台子上輪轉的究竟是什麼魚哪種貝,總是要拿下來了以後,對著店家鋪在桌上的單子照片核對半天,遇上那種沒有提供照片的,就是吸哩呼嚕吃下不知名的握壽司,因為往往認得的,只有那幾種基本款。

這本手指壽司之後,可以解決這個困擾。小小輕薄的一本,方便隨身攜帶,書中用大大的照片讓人可以輕易認出各種生魚片的模樣,並附上日文、中文、以及日語拼音,另外並告知該魚種的時令季節、分布地點以及主要產地,而且還有該魚類的小幅照片-總不成只認得生魚片不認得魚的模樣吧~這樣的一本小書,輕薄短小卻五臟俱全,真是握壽司愛好者的貼身小幫手~

讓這本書更精采的,是每一章節後的小專欄:「坂本老師的魚雜學」,作者坂本一男是水產學博士,在這個魚雜學小專欄,用深入淺出的文字,解說一些關於魚或握壽司的小秘密,例如,比目魚的緣側為什麼珍貴、握壽司又名江戶前壽司,「江戶前」代表了什麼意思、吃魚一定要執著於「時令」嗎?這樣的小專欄,比魚的圖鑑更形有趣且珍貴。

於是這本小書,已經成為我赴日旅行行囊中必備之物,這樣即使是坐在壽司吧台前,也不用擔心無從開口點菜囉~
 


 


書名:不花錢學日文                                           完成度:50%

繁星出版社的這個「不花錢」系列,剛出的時候很吸引我,前幾本都買了,另一半開玩笑說,說是不花錢,可是你得先花錢買這本書啊~其實不花錢的另一個壞處是,因為取得容易,所以反而容易輕忽,久了就整本書擱在旁邊了,直到最近為了練習日文又找出來,認真的再連上書中介紹的部份網站,發現裡面介紹的網站是真的不錯,只是你得配合自己的程度去使用。

如果只是觀光用,「激發啟蒙力方案三」所推薦的「日語自遊行」網站真的很不錯,這是香港日本文化協會和香港電視台所合辦的網站,其中有「旅日26課」,將在日本旅行會用到的簡單會話分不同的情境(例如抵達機場、入住旅館、泡溫泉等)寫成簡單的課文,搭配聲音檔案,讓使用者可以依照自己學習的速度,一再的聆聽學習。

本書中另外也收錄了可以練習日文寫作能力、加強日文字彙提升閱讀能力的網站,最後一個篇章則收錄了較為輕鬆有趣的日文網站,讓大家可以靠興趣學日文,例如提供省錢又簡單的料理食譜的網站,除了有料理研究家教你做好菜之外,也有安排了一週的食譜,在每個禮拜一,該網站會幫主婦們設計好一週菜單,也將需要採買的材料統計列表(連價格都列出來了),主婦們只要按圖索驥準備食材和下廚,就能給家人一週六天的營養菜餚,看到這網站,還真有種相見恨晚的感覺。

該系列最近又出了不花錢學親子日文的新作,應該更適合初學者噢~






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