October 9,2013 20:37

從You're fired到I have to let you go!

偶爾也聽到世界公民的學員感嘆,英文講再久,好像也沒有native speaker那樣漂亮、周到。缺了什麼?很可能是缺了euphemism,委婉。

什麼叫委婉?看看幾何實例,景氣差,企業要縮編,得裁員的時候,你直覺想到的說法是什麼:
有人說:
We're going to cut down on staff number.
我們即將刪減人事。很直白的說法。或者,直接用downsize:
Our company is going to downsize and some staff will be fired.
公司縮小規模,會裁員。也說得通。

我們先來看看裁員,裁員一般的說法是,lay off。
 The bank is going to lay off 500 staff in Asia to weather the financial crisis.
為因應金融危機,這家銀行將裁減亞洲區500名員工。

也可以當名詞
 The financial crisis has led to massive layoffs in banks this year.
今年金融危機引發銀行界大規模裁員行動。

Lay off 這類裁員多半是商業考量。 可能是經營不善,或者景氣低盪,企業要減輕成本,不是針對個人性的懲罰,而是一個減少負擔的行動。 Fire相較之下就個人多了,是辭退、解僱。例如員工犯錯或者操守有問題,公司決定終止其職務。

近來更流行的一個講裁員的字,叫let go。
 "I am sorry I have to let you go." 抱歉,我必須讓你走。
這句話其實就是叫人走路,大概是老美最怕老闆說出來的一句話。

有人說,「You’re fired」是一句狂傲的祈使句,「You’ve been let go」雖然換湯不換藥,但起碼能降低員工在聽到晴天霹靂訊息時的創傷,算是有善意的退場機制。是委婉的一種。

同樣的,downsizing也有美化版本,有人會用
 Right-sizing 合理精簡。直接說這是合理的,或者
 Streamlining 流暢化、精簡化。

讓人舒服的委婉語,真的是語言的進化嗎?不那麼善用委婉語也不必感嘆。《The Economist》的批評一針見血。這雜誌說,委婉語讓惱人的結果得到了偽裝,比如 let go(讓他走人)表示解僱, right-sizing(合理精簡)表示大規模裁員。運氣夠好,委婉語會取代原來的詞彙。可憐的行外人哪,只能對這些難解的言語望而生畏,而壞事和缺點會被掩藏得毫無破綻。

  • bennq_bennq 發表於樂多回應(24)引用(4)字的力量編輯本文
    樂多分類:學術/學習切換閱讀版型 │昨日人次:97 │累計人次:4840 │標籤:英文,語言,文化,國際觀,商業英文

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    偶爾也聽到世界公民的學員感嘆,英文講再久,好像也沒有native speaker那樣漂亮、周到。缺了什麼?很可能是缺了euphemism,委...
    Janey Mccausland【彭仕宜的部落格:從You're fired到I have to let you go! - 樂多日誌】 at October 26,2014 00:23
    偶爾也聽到世界公民的學員感嘆,英文講再久,好像也沒有native speaker那樣漂亮、周到。缺了什麼?很可能是缺了euphemism,委...
    Courtney Teitel【彭仕宜的部落格:從You're fired到I have to let you go! - 樂多日誌】 at November 16,2014 11:27
    偶爾也聽到世界公民的學員感嘆,英文講再久,好像也沒有native speaker那樣漂亮、周到。缺了什麼?很可能是缺了euphemism,委...
    Clash of Clans Gemme【彭仕宜的部落格:從You're fired到I have to let you go! - 樂多日誌】 at December 10,2014 16:07
    偶爾也聽到世界公民的學員感嘆,英文講再久,好像也沒有native speaker那樣漂亮、周到。缺了什麼?很可能是缺了euphemism,委...
    Trucchi Clash of Clans【彭仕宜的部落格:從You're fired到I have to let you go! - 樂多日誌】 at December 10,2014 18:18

    回應文章

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