September 12,2006 21:26

創造思考的策略與技法摘要

創造思考的策略與技法
Creative Thinking strategies & Skills
陳龍安 Chen Lung-An

臺北市實踐大學企業創新發展研究所教授
Professor, Institute of Enterprise Innovation and Development, Shih Chien University

摘要

知識就是力量,方法就是智慧;創造思考的技法就是一種方法、一種工具;誰懂得運用方法,掌握工具的人就是贏家。運用創造思考技法的目的是在幫助我們激發創造力解決問題。創造思考策略係指一套為達成培養創造力目標的計劃、手段或方法。本文探討創造思考策略的涵義分類,並以系列方式探討創造思考策略與技法,包刮腦力激盪系列、水平思考系列、圖像思考系列、列舉法系列、檢核表法系列、其它創造思考技法:。最後並對創造思考的策略與技法的研究推廣做了一個簡單的回顧。

Knowledge is power. Knowing the ways and means is wisdom. The skills of creative thinking are the ways and means, and the tools. Those who know how to utilize them will be the ultimate winners. The goal of using the skills of creative thinking is to help every one of us to be creative in problem solving. The strategies of creative thinking are sets of planning, instruments and methods that will lead to fulfill the goal of cultivating creativities. This article will discuss the meaning and the classification of strategies of creative thinking; explore the strategies and skills of creative thinking in series, including Brainstorming series, Lateral Thinking series, Visual Thinking series, Listing Technique series, and Checklist Method series. There is also a brief review of the research and promotion of the strategies and skills of creative thinking at the end.

關鍵字
策略(strategy) 技法(Skill;technique) 腦力激盪(Brainstorming)
水平思考(lateral thinking) 圖像思考( Visual thinking )列舉法(Listing Technique ) 屬性列舉法(Attribute Listing Technique) 檢核表法(Checklist Method)
六頂思考帽(Six thinking hats) 六雙行動鞋(Six Action Shoes)
曼陀羅思考mandala 心智圖法(Mind Map)魚骨分析法(Fishbone diagram)檢核表技術(check-list technique) 「奔馳法」 (SCAMPER)





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